Education & Buying Guide

JEWELRY EDUCATION & BUYING GUIDE

Diamond jewelry is among the most popular and sought after form of jewelry in the world. Commonly associated with romance, jewelry featuring diamonds is appreciated for its brilliance, style and meaning. Karbon White has prepared this Diamond Jewelry Education & Buyers Guide to give you a better understanding of what to look for when making a purchase. After all, buying diamond jewelry should be enjoyable. At Karbon White all white diamonds used in our jewelry come with an Average cut grade of Very Good, Average color G-H and Average clarity ranging from I1/I2 to VS to make sure you get maximum value and exceptional quality out of your purchase. For more information on how diamonds are graded, please visit the Gemological Institute of America's website at www.gia.edu. All diamonds used in our jewelry are procured under the Kimberly process from suppliers committed to operating at the highest professional and ethical standards. For more information please refer our Ethical Sourcing section. In metal we use gold ranging from 10 Karat, 14 Karat and 18 Karat in White, Yellow or Rose color depending on style and preference of our customers

 

DIAMOND EDUCATION – The 4 C”s

DIAMOND CUT

Cut refers to how perfectly the symmetry and proportions of the diamond capture light and then deliver it to the eye in the form of sparkle. If the diamond does not have exceptional proportions, or if the symmetry is off, the light will not travel through the diamond and return to the eye with maximum sparkle.

If you choose a diamond with a cut grade of Reserve Ideal or Ideal, you'll notice that it has more sparkle than diamonds with lower cut grades. If you're looking for a larger diamond within your budget, consider selecting a diamond with a Very Good cut grade, which will deliver amazing sparkle at a more affordable price. Karbon White uses all diamonds with a cut grade of Very Good in all its jewelry

A diamond's cut grade is an objective measure of a diamond's light performance, or, what we generally think of as sparkle. When a diamond is cut with the proper proportions, light is returned out of the top of the diamond (which gemologists refer to as the table). If it is cut too shallow, light leaks out of the bottom; too deep and it escapes out of the side.

Key Points

  • Cut is a diamond's most important characteristic.
  • It has the greatest overall influence on a diamond's beauty.
  • It determines what we generally think of as sparkle.

Ideal cut: Represents roughly the top 3% of diamond quality based on cut. Reflects nearly all light that enters the diamond. An exquisite and rare cut.

Very good cut:Represents roughly the top 15% of diamond quality based on cut. Reflects nearly as much light as the ideal cut, but for a lower price.

Good cut: Represents roughly the top 25% of diamond quality based on cut. Reflects most light that enters. Much less expensive than a very good cut.

Fair cut: Represents roughly the top 35% of diamond quality based on cut. Still a quality diamond, but a fair cut will not be as brilliant as a good cut.

Poor cut: Diamonds that are generally so deep and narrow or shallow and wide that they lose most of the light out the sides and bottom. H.K. Designs does not carry diamonds with cut grades of poor.

DIAMOND COLOR

Most diamonds appear colorless but actually have slight tones of yellow or brown. The closer the stone comes to colorless, the more valuable it is. Diamonds are graded on a color scale ranging from D (colorless) to Z (heavily tinted.) Only a highly skilled professional will detect any color in E or F stones, and the color in diamonds rated up to J will be virtually invisible when set in a ring or other jewelry.

Color is only one of the four C's so even when a stone has a visible tint, such as K or above, it can still be very lovely if it has good clarity and cut. How the diamond is set can make a difference, too; you might not want to put a truly colorless diamond in a yellow gold setting since the yellow color will reflect in the stone. On the other hand, a slightly yellow stone will appear whiter in a yellow gold setting.

Diamonds also come in a wide variety of other colors, including red, blue, green and a bright yellow known as "canary." These are graded as Z+ and are known as "fancy" diamonds. Ones with good color are very rare and can sell for much more per carat than white diamonds.

DIAMOND COLOR

J-I Near-colorless: An exceptional value with slightly detectable warmth or tone.
H-G Near-colorless: Color difficult to detect unless compared side-by-side against diamonds of better grades. An excellent value.
F-E Colorless: Minute traces of color can be detected by an expert gemologist. A rare diamond.
D Absolutely colorless: The highest color grade. Extremely rare.

 

What Color is Right for Me?

  • For the purist, look for a colorless diamond with a grade of D-F for a diamond with no discernible color.
  • For an excellent value in a diamond or diamond jewelry with little or no noticeable color to the unaided eye, look for a near-colorless grade of G-I.

DIAMOND CLARITY

Clarity is a measure of the number and size of the tiny imperfections that occur in almost all diamonds. Many of these imperfections are microscopic, and do not affect a diamond's beauty in any visible way. Much is made of a diamond's clarity, but of the Four Cs, it is the easiest to understand, and, according to many experts, generally has the least impact on a diamond's appearance. Clarity simply refers to the tiny, natural imperfections that occur in all but the finest diamonds.

DIAMOND CLARITY
FL, IF Flawless, Internally Flawless: No internal or external imperfections. Internally Flawless: No internal imperfections. Very rare.
VVS1, VVS2 Very, Very Slightly Included: Very difficult to see imperfections under 10x magnification. An excellent quality diamond.
VS1, VS2 Very Slightly Included: Imperfections are not typically visible to the unaided eye. Less expensive than the VVS1 or VVS2 grades.
SI1, SI2 Slightly Included: Imperfections are visible under 10 x magnifications, and may be visible with the unaided eye. A good diamond value.
I1/I2 Included: This grade of diamonds will have minor inclusions that may be visible to the unaided eye.A good diamond value and a good value specially in diamond jewelry.

DIAMOND CARAT

It is possible to have a diamond of a lower carat weight, but higher cut grade, that appears larger than a diamond with a larger carat weight, but poor cut. Once you've selected your cut, color, and clarity grade, it's easy to determine the carat weight of diamond that will fit within your budget.
Much as there are 100 pennies in a dollar, a one-carat diamond is comprised of 100 points. Hence, 50 points is equal to 1/2-carat, and so on.

What Carat Weight Is Right For Me?

  • To choose the best carat weight of diamond, consider the size of her finger, the size of your setting, and your budget. If a large carat weight is important to you, yet you're working within a strict budget, consider a diamond with a good cut, I1/I2 clarity, and a G -H color grade..
  • Keep in mind that the smaller the finger, the larger the diamond will appear. A 1.5-carat diamond solitaire looks much larger on a size 4 finger than a size 8.

HOW TO BUY AN ENGAGEMENT RING

Diamond Engagement Rings are works of art.The more you understand about the different styles and diamond settings, the easier it is to choose a quality piece you desire. Prong settings are the most popular, especially with solitaire engagement rings. Thin metal prongs rise from the base of the setting and grip the stone securely. Bezel settings circle the main stone in a metal collar that‘s just a little higher than the top of the stone. With a tension setting, it is actually the pressure from the metal of the band (or shank) that holds the stone in place.

Engagement Ring Styles

Solitaire: The main characteristic of solitaire ring is that it displays a single diamond on its top. This means that the stone looks more attractive and elegant due to its dominance and sole brilliance. Solitaire diamond rings have been the symbol for eternal love for many couples. View our Solitaire Engagement Rings

Solitaire with Side Accents: With an exquisite diamond center stone as its focus, additional smaller accent diamonds in the setting or the shank create a big look. These dazzling engagement rings are available in a wide range of styles. Explore our Beautiful Bridals-Just Arrived Engagement Rings

Classic: Timeless designs in which diamonds are set in a way that brings out their sparkle and brilliance to the forefront. Shop our Classic Diamond Engagement Rings

Three Stone Ring:A celebration of your romantic journey, a three stone ring represents your past, present and future together. Surprise her with three magnificent diamonds in settings of white, yellow or rose gold.View our selection of Three Stone engagement rings

Promise Rings: A promise ring is exchanged between couples to express commitment to the relationship prior to engagement. Generally smaller than an engagement ring, the meaning is still significant. Celebrate your commitment with a Promise Ring in white, yellow or rose gold. Shop from our Promise Rings selection

 

DIAMOND SETTINGS

When deciding on a diamond ring, the setting is one of the most important factors to consider. Different ring setting styles cater to a wide range of preferences. There are a variety of diamond settings available, so take your time and get familiar with the popular setting styles. From the classic solitaire to popular diamond halo settings, there are styles for every taste.

Prong Settings

A four or six prong setting in a diamond solitaire engagement ring showcases a single magnificent diamond in either a white, rose or yellow gold metal finish.Shop our Solitaire Engagement Rings section to sweep her off her feet

Halo Settings

A halo setting is one with small diamonds surrounding the center stone. Halos can be prong set, bezel set, or a combination of prong and bezel. Halos are currently very popular, and there are many designs available. Please explore our Soulmate Collection to find your perfect Diamond Halo engagement ring

Three Stone Settings

You may prefer an engagement ring with side stones. Side stones enhance the center diamond and can personalize your ring. Three Stone Engagement Rings are a classic alternative to the traditional solitaire.Make her say yes with our collection of Three Stone diamond engagement rings.

Bezel Settings

Bezel settings are divided into two categories, full bezel and half bezel. Both full bezels and half bezels provide a sleek alternative to traditional prong settings.

Tension Settings

Tension settings of engagement rings are known for their beautiful profiles, and they are often found in sleek and contemporary designs. The center stone is held in place by grooves that are carved into each side of the metal, securing the stone at the girdle. The metal of the ring is processed to harden and strengthen it, so the stone stays in place. More metal is typically used in a tension setting, because the heavier the piece, the stronger the tension. Like half bezel settings, some of the diamond is exposed, but well-made tension settings are very sturdy and secure.

Pave Settings

Pave literally means “paved.” Imagine a piece of metal paved in diamonds. In true pavé, tiny beads of metal are pushed up from the surface securing multiple diamonds, which are set next to each other in a smooth formation. Browse our Majestic collection with smaller diamonds set in a unique micro pave setting giving it the illusion of one big diamond. A true masterpiece sure to make heads turn.

Split Shank Settings

Split shanks are graceful and complement many diamond shapes. The shank splits from the head of the ring creating the look of two separate bands.

 

RING SIZE

Your engagement ring or wedding band should fit comfortably — not too tight, but not too loose either. The perfect ring fits loose enough to slide over your knuckle and tight enough so that it cannot fall off your finger.

For your ideal fit, consider on which finger you will wear the ring. Diamond eternity rings are designed with a specific number of gemstones surrounding the ring for each size. Due to this design, we can't resize eternity rings.

Tips for Finding Your Ring Size:

Measure your finger at the end of the day.
Your finger size changes depending on the weather and time of day. For best results, measure your finger size at the end of the day when your fingers are warm. (Early in the morning, your fingers are cold and therefore smaller.)

Measure a few times.
Be sure to measure your finger size a few times to make sure your calculations are accurate. Please refer our ring size chart below.

 

RING SIZE CHART

RING SIZE

MEASURED SIZE

 

CANADA/USA

 

INCHES

 

cm

 

mm

4

1.83”

4.65

46.5

41/2

1.88”

4.78

47.8

5

1.93”

4.90

49.0

51/2

1.99”

5.03

50.3

6

2.02”

5.15

51.5

61/2

2.07”

5.28

52.8

7

2.12”

5.40

54.0

71/2

2.18”

5.53

55.3

8

2.23”

5.66

56.6

81/2

2.27”

5.78

57.8

9

2.33”

5.91

59.1

91/2

2.37”

6.03

60.3

10

2.42”

6.16

61.6

101/2

2.47”

6.28

62.8

11

2.52”

6.41

64.1

111/2

2.57”

6.53

65.3

12

2.62”

6.66

66.6

121/2

2.67”

6.79

67.9

13

2.72”

6.91

69.1

EARRINGS

Earrings make the perfect gift because they are always the right fit. Our wide variety of earring types, sizes, and prices available makes it easy to find the perfect pair for a gift for her or to yourself.

Studs

Because they're small, stud earrings are easy to wear and the most popular. You’ll find a variety of styles in different carat weights. Shop our Diamond Studs & Cluster section for that perfect pair

Hoops & Drops

For added sparkle, choose a pair of diamond hoop earrings for that elegant touch. Drop earrings are made to dangle below their setting. Swaying with movement, they can add an elegant touch. View our Diamond Hoops & Drops section to find your style.

 

NECKLACE & PENDANTS

The right necklace or pendant will add style to anything she wears. In addition to being a fashionable gift, giving her a necklace gives you the opportunity to perform the romantic gesture of putting it around her neck for the first time

Explore from our beautiful styles of Diamond Necklace & Pendants and chose from a variety of

  • DIAMOND NECKLACES
  • DIAMOND HEART PENDANTS
  • DIAMOND CROSS PENDANTS
  • DIAMOND STUD PENDANTS
  • DIAMOND FASHION PENDANTS

BRACELETS

A diamond bracelet is definitely a great personalized gift whether to yourself or your loved ones. Eye catching and elegant our range of diamond bracelets are sure to impress. Explore our Diamond Bracelets to find your perfect gift

Cleaning Diamond Jewelry

The safest and easiest way to clean your diamond jewelry at home is with warm soapy water, a soft toothbrush and a soft lint free cloth.